Vocab: UN P5 GKNT – Nukes

UN P5 Glossary of Key Nuclear Terms:

核军备控制 – nuclear arms control
核军备削减 – nuclear arms reduction
核裁军 – nuclear disarmament
核均势 – nuclear parity

核武器 – nuclear weapon(s)
核武库维护 – nuclear stockpile stewardship
弹道导弹 – ballistic missile
洲际弹道导弹发射器 – ICBM launcher
潜射弹道导弹 – submarine launched ballistic missile (SLBM)
潜射弹道导弹发射器 – SLBM launcher
级 – stage (for an ICBM or SLBM)

大气层核试验 – atmospheric nuclear test
核爆炸效应 – nuclear explosion effects
爆心投影点 – nuclear ground zero
核试验场 – nuclear test site
地下核试验 – underground nuclear test

核爆炸监测 – nuclear explosion monitoring
水声监测 – hydro-acoustic monitoring
次声监测 – infrasound monitoring
国际监测系统 – International Monitoring System (IMS).
地震监测 – seismic monitoring

贫化铀 – depleted uranium
浓缩铀 – enriched uranium
可转换材料 – fertile material
可裂变材料 – fissionable material
高浓铀 – high enriched uranium (HEU)
核燃料 – nuclear fuel
黄饼 – yellow cake

后处理厂 – reprocessing plant
离心机 – centrifuge
萃取 – extraction

全面保障协定 – comprehensive safeguards agreement (CSA)
国际原子能机构 – International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
国际原子能机构的保障体系 – IAEA safeguards system
核供应国集团 – Nuclear Suppliers’ Group; NSG
核供应国集团准则 – Nuclear Suppliers’ Group Guidelines
保障协定 – safeguards agreement

核材料存量 – inventory of nuclear material
不明材料量 – material unaccounted for (MUF)
实物存量核实 – physical inventory verification (PIV)
特别视察 – ad hoc inspection
连续视察 – continuous inspection
专门视察 – special inspection
随机视察 – random inspection
不通知视察 – unannounced inspection

环境取样 – environmental sampling (ES)
远程监测 – remote monitoring
被动测量 – passive measurement
辐射探测设备 – radiation detection equipment (RDE)